Migration and Cultural Challenges through Gender Lense: Punjabi Transnationalism in Doaba Region (Punjab)

Author:   Atinder Pal Kaur
Publisher:   GRFDT
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In the contemporary world the process of globalization, migration and transnationalism have increased rapidly which creates challenges for the existence of traditional society. Migration of family members continuously brings changes in the home land countries and significant changes at family front. Family members in the migrant society are continuously in the process of cultural change and transnationalism. After male migration, women stay behind and become responsible for all household chores. Migration of their counterparts helps them to live in a socio-cultural context completely transformed by migration that also inhabits a transnational social field. For this, data has been collected through open-ended interview schedules, case studies, and participant observation method, from Doaba region of Punjab. Interviews were done with women, who are living without their husbands/male member of the family and are in the process of change. It was found that there was a shift from conservative societies in to more open societies in the Doaba region of Punjab. Women feel themselves more autonomous, free and self–independent with respect to family decision. After their husband’s migration women become active in the household sphere and also bring challenges to traditional family roles.
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