A Study of Morocco’s Migration Governing Policy

Author Name

Smriti Shukla


Morocco, Migration, Policy


Migration Studies is an inter-disciplinary field which draws on sociology, economics, history, anthropology, law and post- colonial studies. The discipline is enriched with studies on causes of migration, nature of migration, effects of migration, laws on migration and migration governing policies of various nation- states and international organizations. The rising number of migrants crossing international borders has made migration governing policies of nation- states as the new center for academic enquiry and research in the emerging discipline of Migration Studies. One such unique case of migration governing policies is of Morocco. Morocco is a country in the north-western tip of the African continent and its geographical proximity to Europe makes it one of the most sought-after routes for migration to Europe by migrants. Morocco’s own trends of migration from 1960s onwards, makes its status uniquely rotating between sending country to transit country to host country of migrants. Another dimension in Morocco’s migration governing policy is lack of indigenous African context and predominance of European Union’s policies. African context of migration governing policy can be developed by deducing major treaties, protocols and framework like Abuja Treaty (1994), Agenda 2063, Revised Migration Policy Framework for Africa and Plan of Action (2018-2027) of African Union etc. at continental and regional level. Though, Morocco has sought to move away from Africa’s migration governance framework and is an outright active member participating in European Union’s exhaustive migration governing policies. In this light, Morocco’s migration governing policy and its various facets, provides a good case to be studied and analyzed in detail.



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